(Image of Fraxel before and after procedure provided by Capital Region Vein and Laser Centre)
Lentigines – a flat, brown spot on the skin present on skin with frequent sun exposure
Keratoses – slightly elevated pigmented spots often found on the back and hands
Freckles – a brownish spot on the skin common on people with fair skin
Dermatosis Papulosis Nigra – small, dark or black marks seen primarily on people of Asian or African descent
These pigmented or brown spots are benign lesions that occur on the sun-exposed areas of the body such as the backs of hands and face. The lesions tend to increase in number with age, making them common among the middle age and older population. They can vary in size from 0.2 to 2 cm. These flat lesions usually have discrete borders, are dark in color, and have an irregular shape.
These lesions are caused by a marked increase in the number of pigment cells located in the superficial layers of the skin. Melanin is the dark pigment present in skin and is produced by melanocytes Pigmented lesions occur when an abundance of melanocytes are found in the skin. When dark pigment multiplies, it forms freckles, brown age spots and moles.
The Fraxel laser offers the latest and best treatment options to eliminate these unattractive skin lesions. The laser allows non-surgical treatment of pigmented skin lesions that is comfortable, safe and effective. The mild and precise treatment characteristics of the laser provide excellent cosmetic results. The laser light is absorbed by melanin/pigment (black or brown pigment found in the skin) causing injury and eventual elimination of unwanted cells while leaving healthy cells intact.
Following Fraxel laser therapy protective measures should be taken to avoid any excessive sunlight exposure. These include sunscreen and protective clothing, such as hats and long sleeves.